What is CBD?
CBD or Cannabidiol is a non-intoxicating chemical compound found in the Hemp plant and accounts for up to 40% of the plants extract.
CBD a Phytocannabinoid (Phyto meaning plant) was discovered in 1940 and is one of over 100 identified Cannabinoids found in the hemp cannabis plants.
Our bodies 'Endocannabinoid (ECS) System' naturally produces its own Cannabinoids that are equivalent to the 'Phyto'cannabinoids found in the plant.
Although the 'ECS' is a self-regulating system, it is increasingly being noticed that many of us may have an endocannabiniod deficiency and may need a boost, which is where CBD products come in.
CBD naturally acts on our cannabinoid receptors (including the serotonin receptors) located throughout the body and nervous system helping to balance the ECS which in turn helps a whole host of bodily functions such as pain sensation, mood, memory temperature and appetite.
In 2018, clinical research on CBD included preliminary studies of anxiety, cognition, movement disorders and pain (source Wikipedia)
CBD dosing is a little complicated because it very much depends on the individual taking it and what its being used for. Many people find CBD very effective even in small doses which leaves plenty of scope for dosing to be increased at any time, if necessary.
It is worth noting that when your body reaches its desired levels of CBD, any extra will be broken down by enzymes and not used and this is the main reason why it is recommended to start low and work your way up to the desired amount or your 'sweet spot', which will differ to others.
CBD is also a very practical choice for both increasing and prolonged use. It is not possible to overdose on CBD and is not addictive to humans - as stated by the World Health Organisation (WHO) report in 2017.
With only a few mild side effects noted. CBD is fast becoming the number one wellness supplement.
When taking CBD with other medication or supplements, always check with your on GP or Pharmacist for interactions.
What does CBD do?
CBD affects our cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2. These receptors are located throughout the body, in our nervous system, brain and body cells and make up the recently discovered Endocannabinoid system (ECS).
The ECS has been recognised as an important modulatory system in the function of the brain, endocrine and immune tissues.
It appears to play a very important role in the secretion of hormones related to reproductive functions and response to stress.
In humans this system also controls energy homeostasis (balance) and influences the food intake centres of the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract activity.
It also has effects on the liver and glucose metabolism in muscle cells (source PubMed.gov)